Disability in India

Disabled Population in India - Census 2011

Comparative Across NSS Reports

Disability in India

There are 26.8 million people with disabilities in India according to the 2011 census of India, while other sources have offered higher estimates. India is a party to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 2006 (UNCRPD).

Legislation that affects people with disabilities in India includes:

People with disabilities in India are faced with negative social attitudes in the wider population.

The statistics on disability in India are available from two primary sources:

Census

  • 1981 Census: 5 Categories

  • 2001 Census: 7 Categories

  • 2011 Census: 7 Categories

NSS by NSO, MOSPI

  • 36th round: (July-Dec. ’81)

  • 47th round: (July-Dec. ’91)

  • 58th round: (July-Dec. ’02): 5 Categories

  • 76th round: (July-Dec. ’18): 21 Categories

Source

Disabled population by type of Disability in India - Census, 2011

Department of Empowerment of Persons With Disabilities, Ministry of Social Justice EmpowermentRoom No.: 515,New Delhi - 110003 +91 11 24369055. secretaryda-msje@nic.in www.disabilityaffairs.gov.in

Though the subject of "Disability" figures in the State List in the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution, the Government of India has always been proactive in the disability sector.

It is not only running eight (developing the ninth) National Institutes (NIs) dealing with various types on disabilities and twenty Composite Regional Centers (CRCs), which provide rehabilitation services to Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) and run courses for rehabilitation professional but also funds a large number of NGOs for similar services and also a National Handicapped Finance & Development Corporation (NHFDC) which provides loans at concession rates of interest to PwDs for self-employment.

The organizations under DEPwD are:

Besides, the Union Government is a party to

Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan): DEPwD

Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan) under Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment was set up in May 2012 with the aims to facilitate empowerment and inclusion of the persons with disabilities and acts as a nodal agency to look after all development agenda of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan). Empowerment of persons with disabilities is an inter-disciplinary process, covering various aspects namely, prevention, early detection, intervention, education, health, vocational training, rehabilitation and social integration. The vision, mission and strategies of the Department are as follows:

  • Vision: To build an inclusive society in which equal opportunities are provided for the growth and development of Persons with Disabilities so that they can lead productive, safe and dignified lives.

  • Mission: To empower Persons with Disabilities, through its various Acts / Institutions / Organizations and Schemes for rehabilitation and to create an enabling environment that provides such persons with equal opportunities, protection of their rights and enables them to participate as independent and productive members of society.

It was stated in the 11th Five Year Plan that

"The 'Disability Division' of the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment will be strengthened by converting it into a separate Department, so that it can liaise effectively with all the other concerned Ministries/Departments and fulfill its responsibilities towards the disabled".

The decision to create a separate Department of Disability Affairs within the M/o SJ&E was announced on March 12, 2012 and notified on May 12, 2012.

  • Department of Social Justice and Empowerment (Samajik Nyaya and Adhikarita Vibhag)

  • Department of Disability Affairs (Nishaktata Karya Vibhag)

Since renamed as Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan) (DEPwD)


See details in DEPwD page

Acts, Department, and Policies

Legislation that affects people with disabilities in India includes the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, the Mental Health Care Act, 2017, the National Trust Act, 1999, and the Rehabilitation Council of India Act, 1992. People with disabilities in India are faced with negative social attitudes in the wider population.

Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan) under Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment was set up in May 2012 with the aims to facilitate empowerment and inclusion of the persons with disabilities and acts as a nodal agency to look after all development agenda of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan).

Recent National Education Policy 2020 from Ministry of Education has a lot of support for education of PwDs