Special Schools on India

About this Page

As noted in Deaf Education page under Home, over the past few decades Government of India has been taking various initiatives for the Education and Employment of Deaf, Hard of Hearing, and Mute through Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities in the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Ministry of Labour and Employment, and several others. Different ministries in various State Governments are also supporting Deaf Education and Employment in various ways.

Major initiatives include the setting up of National and Regional Institutions for education, vocational training and rehabilitation; enactment of important acts; and introduction of several policies. It has also facilitated the operations of several NGOs in this area of work and the functioning of special schools in different states.

In this page we present Special Schools and their activities.

Schools for Deaf

List of Special Schools in India

AWAAZ Special School

AWAAZ is a Special School and a Centre for the Hearing-Impaired, Mentally and -Challenged, Autistics and Multiple Disabled children (which means having more than one disability like hearing impairment and mental retardation or learning disability) for the children and adults. Its main centre is situated in the heart of the city in Kirti Nagar (West Delhi) and branched in Vikaspuri and West Patel Nagar.

Our schools have a low teacher/ child ratio i.e. 1:5. We provide a safe, homely and happy environment so that the children are encouraged to develop emotional, cognitive and motor skills in a playway manner.

  • Private School (School for Physically Challenged)

  • Co-Educational School

AWAAZ Special School
K-87, Kirti Nagar, New Delhi-110015 +91 11 25451301, 27276295, 25924394+91 9213245260, 9716273870
J191, Vikas Puri, New Delhi, 110018+91 9013210763, 9891298071
22/11, Upper Ground Floor, West Patel Nagar, New Delhi 110008+91 11 25888144

Services/Products offered & Disabilities Covered

  • Assessments

  • Audiology

  • Behaviour Modification Therapy

  • Early Intervention

  • Hearing Testing

  • Language Therapy

  • Physiotherapy

  • Special Education

  • Training

  • Workshops

  • Yoga Therapy

  • Speech Therapy

Early Schools in India

Bombay Institution For Deaf & Mutes
Court, 33, Nesbit Rd, opposite Mazgaon, Byculla Railway Colony, Tadwadi, Mazgaon, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400010
+91 22 2371 3144

Bombay Institute for the Deaf Mutes, 1885

The Bombay Institute for the Deaf Mutes, Asia’s oldest institution for the differently abled, was founded in 1885 by the Apostolic Vicar Leo Meurin SJ on the initiative of Desire de Haerne (1804-1890), its goal has always been to help the differently abled lead a life of self-worth, respect and independence.

The school encourages students to take part in activities like awareness programmes and vocational training to facilitate their economic independence. Here, they can learn a trade like bookbinding, screen-printing, craft and needlework.

The school also provides parents with counselling and awareness programmes. It also educates immediate families of differently abled children about their needs and aspirations.

Courses are offered in three languages: English, Hindi and Marathi. In 2010, at the time of 125 years of the school, there are 145 students: 77 Hindus, 65 Muslims, and 3 Christians.


Calcutta Deaf and Dumb School
Acharya Prafulla Chandra Rd, Garpar, Machuabazar, Kolkata, West Bengal 700009
+91 33 2350 1058

Calcutta Deaf and Dumb School, 1893

Calcutta Deaf and Dumb School was established in 1893 and it is managed by the Tribal/Social Welfare Department. Jamininath Banerjee (1869-1921) was the first Principal who had an opportunity to be trained at the National College of Teachers of the Deaf, London, England and in Gallaudet College in USA. He was the pioneer in starting the Teacher Training Programme for the teachers of the deaf in India, and this served as the only training centre in our country. A C. Chatterjee & S. N. Banerjee succeeded as second and third principal of CDDS & Teacher Training Department.

The school consists of Grades from 1 to 10. The school is Co-educational and it have an attached pre-primary section. The school is Non-Ashram type (Govt.) in nature and is not using school building as a shift-school. Bengali is the medium of instructions in this school.

The school has Private building. It has got 31 classrooms for instructional purposes. The school has a library and has 2000 books in its library. The school does not need ramp for disabled children to access classrooms. The school has no computers for teaching and learning purposes The school is not having a computer aided learning lab.

The Calcutta Deaf and Dumb School, Dorothy Greval, Indian Medical Gazette, July 1948, PubMed

Florence Swainson Higher Secondary School for the Deaf
Kulavaneegarpuram,Palayamkottai,Tirunelveli,Tamilnadu 627002
+91 4622573267fsdeafschool@yahoo.co.in

Florence Swainson Higher Secondary School for the Deaf, 1896

February 1896 saw the establishment of Florence Swainson School for the Deaf at Palamcottai, South India, by Ms. Floerence Swainson, a missionary from Zenana Missionary Society, Church of England. In 1895, Ms. Swainson, working at Sarah Tucker Institution, Palayamkottai got the divine inspiration to start this ministry for the Deaf children in South India. Initially, She found a class with three Deaf children in the campus of Sarah Tucker Institution. Within a couple of years, she purchased the large site of 14 acres with the money gifted by her friends in England and shifted the school to the present campus.

Following her, several other English Missionaries, Miss. Morgan & Rev. Charles Chittenden, with their dedication and devotion to this ministry spent out their lives for the growth of this Institution. The school got the first government recognition in 1901. The strength gradually grew up and it was upgraded into a High School in 1978. Again the school was upgraded to the Higher Secondary level in 1993. After the English Missionaries the Tirunelveli Diocese (TDTA) took up the responsibility of this pioneer Institution.

At present this institution caters to the educational, social, psychological, and spiritual needs of about 450 hearing.

School for Deaf-Mutes Society
Opp. Times of India, Ashram road, Ahmedabad 380009, Gujarat
+917016561783, +917926586138dms@deafmuteschool.com deaf_muteschool08@yahoo.com

Desai Family

School for Deaf-Mutes Society, 1908

Established in the year 1908, The School for the Deaf and Mute Society is one of the oldest organizations working in the field of education and rehabilitation of Persons with Hearing, Speech and Visual Impairment. One of our key abilities is to identify and channelize the strengths and potentials of our students and provide them the much needed exposure and opportunities for inclusion. Education and boarding facilities are made available, free of cost and emphasis is laid on early identification of disability and training of caregivers.


  • School for the Deaf

  • School for the Blind

  • Kalpana Balmandir

  • ITI Training Centres

  • Training College for the Teachers of the Deaf

  • Training College for the Teachers of the Blind

  • Physiotherapy College for Persons with Visual Impairment


Late Shri Pranshankar Lallubhai Desai founded this institution in 1908 to educate his son, Late Shri Indurav Desai, who was a Person with Hearing Impairment. His second son, Late Shri Pandurav Desai, who was a lawyer professionally, was a constant support in the progress of this institute. The institute was initially managed by Shri Pranshakar himself, but a committee was later formed under the presidency of Sir Chinubhai Beronut. Eventually, this small group developed into a residential school of importance.

The school initially catered to the educational needs of Students with Hearing Impairment only. The School for the Blind was started in the year 1945, and was inaugurated by the then Chief Minister, Morarjibhai Desai in 1952. Eventually, Teacher Training Colleges were started for educating and training teachers as Special Educators along with setting up of vocational training centres for Persons with Disabilities as well. In the past 43 years, 1974 to 2017, a total number of 28,095 students have received education from our institute.

Today, our institute has a strength of more than 600 students, hailing from different parts of the state, and education, boarding and lodging facilities are provided free of cost.