Training and Vocational in India

Training and Vocational

Training and vocational practices are critical for the blind and visually impaired to lead independent life and seek equal opportunity employment. This page provides information on several organizations and programs in this regard.

All India Confederation of the Blind

Braille Bhawan, Near Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital, Sector-5, Rohini, Delhi-110085.

+91-011 2705 4082 / 0915


All India Confederation of the Blind (AICB)

All India Confederation of the Blind (AICB)

All India Confederation of the Blind (AICB) is a body of blind persons working for and with the blind community. It is made up of various state level associations Braille Stenography and Computer Training courses, O.& M., ADL and Home Management training, placement of over 325 ex-trainees of Stenography courses in various government departments, banks and public sector undertakings.

To enable visually impaired youngsters to keep pace with rapid changes in technologies and job-market requirements, AICB provides training in the use of computers. Speech synthesizers and special software which convert text to speech are used for the above mentioned purpose.

  • Basic Computer training: The course provides training in basic computer skills for a duration of about 15 weeks. The training and other facilities are provided free of cost.

  • Advanced Computer Training: The course has the duration of one year and prepares candidates for Government/corporate sector jobs based on advanced computer applications.

In early eighties, we started training in Braille shorthand and typewriting, in both Hindi and English. This has helped in creating a totally new employment possibility for persons with visual impairment. Over 350 blind men and women have been placed in Govt. departments, nationalized banks and public sector undertakings.

11 out of the placed blind stenographers were adjudged the best employees in their departments and they also received National Awards from the Govt. of India for their best performance.

Currently, the organization is imparting training only in Hindi stenography and typing.

Restriction in the ability to move around is viewed as a major limitation of visual disability. AICB strives to help its clients overcome this limiting condition as well. For this purpose, need-based training inside the premises as also outside using the white cane, is an integral component of all our training activities.

The Association of People with Disability

6th Cross, Hutchins Road, Off, Hennur Road, Lingarajapuram, St. Thomas Town Post Bangalore 560 084,

+91 80 25475165

+91 80 25470390

Employer Led Training (ELT)

  • BPO ELT: 8-weeks on-the-job training and practical sessions to enhance the computer, communication, customer service and life skills.

  • Hospitality ELT: 8-weeks training for the hospitality industry, in collaboration with Presidency College of Hotel Management, YUM Academy.

  • Retail ELT: 8-weeks training to equip trainees on customer interaction, communication, labelling and selling.

Horticulture Training

  • Garden Specialist Training: 4-months course on plants and seeds, watering, potting, compost, manure etc.

  • Garden Supervisor Training: 4-months course on money management, customer interaction, computers, gardening, organic products.

  • Sustainable Agriculture Livelihood Training: Sustainable agricultural practices

(The) Association of People with Disability (APD), Karnataka

The Association of People with Disability (APD)

APD works to mobilize marginalized youth with disability, train them through formal and informal courses, and place them in jobs that are suitable to their qualification and ability. We also sensitize employers towards the needs of PwDs for an equitable work environment.

APD’s Livelihood Program includes community mobilization, training and placement.


APD identifies working age PwDs in rural and urban groups through public records, community programs, career guidance workshops and collaboration with other developmental organizations, educational institutions and government agencies.


Training is conducted based on the recommendations of the Placement team along with regular ongoing courses.

  • Foundation Course

Before any domain training PwDs lacking life-skills go through a 2-month foundation course, a unique job-readiness program from APD. The course involves skilling up on self-management, daily living, basic communication, calligraphy and English language, basic mathematics, sign language, and more.

The required PwDs receive therapy support as well as aids & appliances. All candidates can access government entitlement schemes such as pension, disability ID cards, transport passes and more.

  • Employer Led Training (ELT)

As part of this program, APD identifies candidates (through the recruitment unit) and provides them job-appropriate training for placement in the government or private sector. The curriculum is jointly developed with training partners, tailor-made to the needs of selected employers. The training period includes capacity building of the potential employers on a rights-based approach to recruitment, induction and mentoring, to promote a work culture that values diversity.

  • Horticulture Training

The Horticulture Training creates livelihood opportunities for PwDs in sustainable agriculture and horticulture – in nurseries, community, landscaping, floriculture, tissue culture and horticulture industry. Trainees also learn communication and cooking. In addition, APD also offers:

  • Non-formal Courses

APD also offers non-formal fitter and electronics and mechanic training for those PwDs who do not qualify for formal training from other institutes. These are 6-months courses.


APD’s CGP cell caters to all the training units under Livelihood. It works with over 120 prospective employers across Karnataka to nurture and expand employment opportunities for PwDs. Placement is promoted through community job fairs, employer orientation, industrial orientation, field visits and pre-employment training.

The Blind Relief Association, Delhi

Lala Lajpat Rai Road (Lal Bahadur Shastri Marg) Near The Oberoi Hotel, New Delhi-110003 India

+91-11 24361376 | 24360480 | 24364730

Mr. David Absalom, Deputy Executive Secretary (Operations)

+91 9953494419

(The) Blind Relief Associations (BRA)*

The Blind Relief Associations, Delhi

Helping Blind Help Themselves

Colors don’t matter to us as much as happiness and lights don’t matter as much as the warmth that it brings

The Blind Relief Associations provides vocational training in a wide range of industrial and other occupations to male and female visually impaired adults in the age group of 18-35 years. The training programs also include orientation and mobility, communication skills, personality development, understanding computers, Braille, and music to develop their core strength as individuals.

This Institution work for the children and adults with visual impairment as they deserve the right kind of recognition and opportunity in an inclusive environment. The Centre provides vocational training in a wide range of industrial and other occupations .

Candle Making

The candle unit at the Blind Relief Association, It produces more than 70 varieties of candles in different shapes, sizes and colors round the year. These candles are available for sale throughout the year as well as during the Association’s annual Diwali Bazaar. The trainees, employees, and volunteers join hands in candle production, diya painting, sorting and packing

Multi-skill Training (one-year program)

For adult blind even those who missed out on school education. The trainees acquire various skills such as bookbinding & paper craft, basic massage, chair caning, candle making, packaging, stitching and soap-making enabling them to work in industry, become self-employed or work with family support. The training schedule is kept flexible to suit the capacity, interest and capability of individual trainees.

Relaxation Massage (six-month program)

This is a six-month training course to prepare visually challenged persons become professional masseurs. The training covers Swedish, Thai, aroma and head massage. techniques of pain management by employing reflexology, magneto-therapy and Sujok therapy .A part-time Ayurvedic massage training programme is conducted to upgrade their skills. The training is conducted in association with Shahnaz Husain International Beauty Academy, which provides free services of a trainer and the required consumables. Trainees are provided with opportunities to demonstrate their skills to the general public, at the Association’s Diwali Bazaar; SSB Diwali Bazaar, Army Golf Club, and American School Embassy.

Call Center (one-year program)

This program is designed for the computer-literate visually challenged persons to prepare them to be able to work in mainstream call centers. It includes communication skills, working in auto-dial CRM process, and performing actual call center tasks, recording response data on computers, etc. Trainees receive stipend and incentives as they master the skills of telemarketing Computer Training Center

College of Fragrance for the Visually Impaired

c/o. VG Vaze College of Arts Science and Commerce, Mithagar Road, Mulund, East Mumbai - 400081


+91 9920779657

College of Fragrance for the Visually Impaired (COFVI)

College of Fragrance for the Visually Impaired

COFVI is a unique education initiative in Mumbai, India, funded by fragrance industry partners.

Research conducted by us with the help of BPA & fragrance partners clearly shows that a heightened sense of smell in the visually impaired

Based on these finding COFVI was established by Trustees Sheetal Desai & Renuka Theaogaonkar In 2013. COFVI’s purpose is to educate the under privileged visually impaired students and find them employment in the fragrance, flavour and FMCG companies.

Ravi Vanniyar: "Now I feel proud... I'm living with dignity"

Renuka Thergaonkar training new "noses"

Enable Academy

473/B, Adugodi Main Road, Koramangala 8th Block, Bengaluru 560095

Are you career ready? Did you know that there are 183 jobs that can be done by visually impaired in 20+ sectors?

Here are 6 easy steps to find the right job for you.

  1. What do companies feel about hiring persons with disability?

  2. Know jobs done by Visually Impaired

  3. Get to know Role Models

  4. Enhance your skills

  5. Apply for a job

  6. Know solutions to enable you at workplace

Enable Academy

Enable Academy, powered by EnAble India, Bangalore

Enable Academy works with the believe that:

  • Persons with disability engaged in livelihoods are critical for society’s progress.

  • Persons with disability can be catalysts for great social change.

  • Mainstream community can learn to overcome their own inabilities and challenges by being inclusive.

  • Mainstream community can benefit tremendously by enabling livelihoods for persons with disability.

  • Hence collaboration is the way forward. Everyone is good at something.

Enable Academy provides training, resources, services and interactive tools for persons with disability to make them ready for livelihood opportunities. Persons with disability include persons with visual impairment, hearing impairment, physical disability, autism, Cerebral Palsy, Muscular dystrophy, learning disabilities and others.

Deep online support is available for the visually impaired through the following relevant questions:

Enable Academy offers

  • Employers awareness

  • Inclusion models

  • Best practices

  • Services

  • Peer connects

  • Interactive tools for hiring persons with disability

Services for PWDs

  • Career Counseling

  • Job opportunities

  • Training

  • Self-Employment / Entrepreneurship

  • Support in your job

  • Open Forum with Enable India Leaders

Mail to: for services

Helen Keller Institute for Deaf & Deafblind

Municipal Secondary School, South Wing, Ground Floor, N. M. Joshi Marg, Near 'S' Bridge, Byculla (West), Mumbai - 400 011

+91 22 2308 7052 / 2301 9215

Helen Keller Institute for Deaf & Deafblind

Helen Keller Institute for Deaf & Deafblind

Vocational Training & Rehabilitation

As our children grew, we felt a conscious need for teaching sustainable skills to our students so that they could be financially independent. And the gap was large for skills training and placement for children with disabilities. This was when we decided to impart vocational training skills to our students to bridge the gap. HKIDB’s vocational training programs are employment / entrepreneur oriented.

Digital Literacy

We are committed to provide access to computer education to our Deaf and MDVI children and make them proficient in it. For our MDVI children, we use assistive technology like electronic braille display and screen reader. This allowed four of our Deafblind children to make history by clearing their Std. X examinations on computers without human support.

HKIDB also operates a center of National Digital Literacy Mission (NDLM) for Persons with Disabilities (PwD), a first of its kind in India. It is an initiative by the Government of India to create a digitally literate population.


Working to ensure viable livelihood options for persons with disabilities, HKIDB has provided employment opportunities to many persons with disabilities through its network of well-wishers and professionals. The key placement sectors are Retail, Hospitality, Beauty & Wellness and IT/ITES.